Wednesday, February 20, 2008

Makassar di Wikipedia

Ketiklah key word "Makassar" di search engine Google. Yang muncul di barisan paling atas adalah Makassar di Wikipedia. Posisi populer buat Wikipedia dengan kata kunci "Makassar" ini sudah bertahan cukup lama, kendati informasi tentang Makassar memang belum terlalu lengkap dan mendalam.


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Official seal of Makassar
Makassar (Indonesia)
Location of Makassar in Indonesia
Coordinates: 5°8′S 119°25′E / -5.133, 119.417
Country Indonesia
Province South Sulawesi
 - Mayor Ilham Arief Sirajuddin
 - Total 175.77 km² (67.9 sq mi)
 - Total 1,250,000
Time zone WITA (UTC+8)
 - Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+8)
Website: [1]

Makassar, (Macassar, Mangkasar) is the provincial capital of South Sulawesi, Indonesia, and the largest city on Sulawesi Island. From 1971 to 1999, the city was formally named Ujung Pandang, after a precolonial fort in the city, and the two names are often used interchangeably. The port city is located at 5°8′S, 119°25′E, on the southwest coast of the island of Sulawesi, facing the Makassar Strait.

Its area is 175.77 km² and has population of 1.25 million.



[edit] History

The first European settlers were the Portuguese sailors. Beginning in the sixteenth century, Makassar was the dominant trading/pao center of eastern Indonesia, and soon became one of the largest cities in island Southeast Asia. The Makassarese kings maintained a policy of free trade, insisting on the right of any visitor to do business in the city, and rejecting the attempts of the Dutch to establish a monopoly over the city. Further, tolerant religious attitudes meant that even as Islam became the dominant faith in the region, Christians and others were still able to trade in the city. With these attractions, Makassar was a key center for Malays working in the Spice Islands trade, as well as a valuable base for European and Arab traders from much further afield.

The importance of Makassar declined as the Dutch became more powerful in the region, and were better able to enforce the monopoly over the spice trade that they desired. In 1667 the Dutch, allied with the Bugis prince of Bone state Arung Palakka, invaded and captured Makassar, eliminating its role as an independent trading center. It became a free port in 1848.

[edit] Economy

Pinisi boats at the port of Paotere in Makassar
Pinisi boats at the port of Paotere in Makassar

The city is southern Sulawesi's primary port, with regular domestic and international shipping connections. It is nationally famous as an important port of call for the pinisi boats, sailing ships which are among the last in use for regular long-distance trade.

During the colonial era, the city was famous for being the namesake of Makassar oil, which it exported in great quantity. Makassar ebony is a warm black, streaked with deep red, and highly prized for fine cabinetry and veneers.

Makassar is also a major fishing center in Sulawesi. One of its major industries is the trepang (sea cucumber) industry. Trepang fishing brought the Makassan people into contact with the Yolŋu people of Northern Australia.

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  • Reid, Anthony. 1999. Charting the shape of early modern Southeast Asia. Chiang Mai: Silkworm Books. ISBN 974-7551-06-3. pp. 100-154.
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Administrative areas in West Sumatra

Regencies: Bantaeng | Barru | Bone | Bulukumba | Enrekang | Gowa | Jeneponto | Luwu | Luwu Timur | Luwu Utara | Maros | Pangkajene Islands | Pinrang | Selayar | Sinjai | Sidenreng Rappang | Soppeng | Takalar | Tana Toraja | Wajo

Cities: Makassar | Palopo | Pare-Pare

See also: Provinces of Indonesia

Kabar dari Makassar

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